At Brandesburton Primary children are encouraged to develop a greater understanding and knowledge of the world, as well as their place in it. The geography curriculum enables children to develop knowledge and skills that are transferrable to other curriculum areas. Geography is an investigative subject, which develops an understanding of concepts, knowledge and skills. At Brandesburton our intent, when teaching geography, is to inspire in children a curiosity and fascination about the world and people within it; to promote the children’s interest and understanding of diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes.

The geography curriculum is structured into four key areas of learning:

  • Geographical skills and field work
  • Human and Physical Geography
  • Locational Knowledge
  • Place knowledge


Geography at Brandesburton Primary is taught throughout the year, so that children can achieve depth in their learning.  Teachers have identified the key knowledge and skills of each topic and consideration has been given to ensure progression across topics throughout each year group across the school.  At the beginning of each topic, children are able to convey what they know already as well as what they would like to find out.  This informs the programme of study and also ensures that lessons are relevant and take account of children’s different starting points.  Consideration is given to how greater depth will be taught, learnt and demonstrated within each lesson, as well as how learners will be supported in line with the school’s commitment to inclusion.  

End points:

By the end of EYFS, pupils will:

  • begin to understand how they are part of their own locality, which is part of a bigger world
  • learn about different people and communities
  • use speaking, listening and understanding to develop and explore these in greater detail
  • Final Milestone: Children have a good understanding of the wider world and changes both now and in the past. They use a wide range of vocabulary to explain and describe similarities and differences and draw on their experiences.

By the end of Key Stage 1, pupils will:

  • use and make a range of geographical resources such as photos and maps to locate features in their locality and the world
  • understand the principle of directions
  • look at land use, climate and physical features of Great Britain and other locations in the world
  • develop an understanding of how humans and nature can affect and shape the landscape
  • understand that they have responsibilities to care for the planet and its resources

By the end of Key Stage 2: pupils will:

  • be able to compare physical and human features in their own locality to different locations around the world
  • conduct fieldwork to identify common geographical processes, to make observations, collect data and draw conclusions from their findings
  • be able to interpret a range of sources of geographical information and present geographical information in a variety of ways
  • develop an understanding of map work so that these features can be examined and identified in a wider context
  • understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human features and how these change over time
  • understand the impact of humans and of nature in shaping the world in which they live
  • understand their responsibilities as global citizens, who can think both critically and creatively, to play their part in caring.